If you've ever tried photographing a car, you'll know that it's often not as easy as first presumed. Although it can be simple enough to capture a clear and simple shot of the vehicle, it's far more challenging to capture the design, detail and essence of the car in a photograph. To help, here are ten simple steps which will hopefully lead you through the basics of car photography.
There are a vast range of elements involved in car photography, to the extent that there are whole websites and books dedicated to it. We won't be able to cover everything in fine detail here, but hopefully it will give you an insight into the world of car photography and get you started with the basics, enabling you to start to explore further.
To begin, you'll need a car. Any car will do really to learn the basics, but your work will look more professional and exciting if you're working with more interesting subject matter. If all you've got is the Ford that you drive to work in, that will be fine. But if your mate has a Ferrari, you'd better buy them a few drinks and ask nicely if you can borrow it for the day!
Photo by matthiasschack
So you've got your car, now you need a location. You don't see many photographic car advertisements in which the car isn't set within an amazing scenic location and bathed with the warm glowing sunlight in the distance. But presumably you'll be shooting on a budget, so it will be hard to match the large scale shoots you see in glossy magazines. Still, there are plenty of location options to choose from.
You need to ensure that the car is the centre of attention, you don't want your location to steal away attention from your subject. You want it to enhance the attractiveness of the car. Decide whether you want to shoot the car in a natural setting, somewhere less usual or whether you'd rather go for a studio feel.
Photo by alendrathril
A Natural Setting
In a natural setting, you could have the car either on the road, in a car park, or on the drivewa. Though many of these settings wont add much to your shot and will look fairly plain. Consider what sort of feel you'd like for your shots. If you want a gritty and moody feel, it may be best to head to the top level of a car park with views across the city, or to the industrial part of town amongst the derelict warehouses. If you want a clean and classy bright image, consider heading to the business district of the city amongst the reflective glass of the office blocks and modern architecture.
Alternatively, you could go for the classic shot, at the crest of a hill with an open expanse overlooking a landscape scene, preferably west facing in order to have the sun setting in the background. Finding a great location will make your photograph stand out and increase your artistic opportunities. Take care to find somewhere that will really enhance the atmosphere of the shot and the features of the car.
Photo by gmeurope
An Unnatural Setting
If you'd rather try an unnatural setting for the car, think carefully about whether you'll make the car look alien in it's surroundings. For example, a car doesn't look very at home even when shot parked on grass. There's no need to be overly adventurous with your location selection. It's understandable that you'd want to avoid clichéd car shots, but be careful not to be overly ambitious and end up having a series of shots that take the car too far out of context.
The complete alternative to having an on location shoot is to go for a studio-type shoot. Hiring out a studio large enough to house a car is an expensive business, so if there are alternatives you may want to explore those first. If you know someone with a large garage that has white walls it may be the perfect alternative to shelling out for prime studio space. The great advantage of using a studio space is the opportunity to light the subject creatively, which we'll come to in a bit. Having those options can give you the chance to get some great interior and detail shots, but full car shots can end up looking fairly cold and bland without any context.
Finally, when considering your location, think carefully about how the surroundings relate to the colour of your car and that the tones in the shot compliment each other.
Photo by nairoozdotcom
Next step is lighting, the essential element of every photo shoot! Depending on your location and timing, it's best to use natural light if possible. I'd recommend utilising the golden hours, just before and during sunrise in the morning and through sunset in the evening. This way, you'll get a lovely warm side wash of sunlight on your subject and you'll avoid the overtly harsh brightness of the midday sun, which will cause problems with reflections.
You also have the option of using artificial lighting, which some of us have more access to than others. To get the best results, it's all about utilising what you've got carefully. There aren't necessarily any right and wrong ways to light a car, my advice would be to set up lights or flashguns one by one, highlighting aspects or angles of the vehicle as you see fit. Then, take a test shot or two, ensure it's just where you want it, and then set up another. This way, you wont over light the car and you'll avoid letting the light sources double up on areas of the car. Use your eyes and take your time, the lighting is a very individual preference and can define the personal style and mood of the shot depending on the photographer.
Photo by 900hp
So having set your car up in a great location and figured out the lighting. It's now time to actually start taking photographs! Hopefully you'll know the car quite well now, but it's important to consider how you want to portray the car, whether there are any features that you want to highlight and therefore what angle to shoot from.
By all means, get started by shooting from eye level, but to make your shots stand out, you'll need to exploit different angles and vantage points in the shoot. A particular favourite is to shoot from just above the ground. This gives the car an overbearing menacing look, but experiment and see what works for you and your car.
Once you've worked out which angles work best and show the car in the way that you want, try moving the car to varied positions to get it to work well in the setting. Make sure you avoid distractions behind the car such as trees and phone cables. Depending on the angles you've chosen, for full car shots, I'd recommend using a tripod, just for that extra sharpness. However, don't just leave your camera on the tripod. For those wonderful angles, you'll need to go handheld!
Photo by uhho
Once you've captured the full car shots, you can start thinking about any exterior detail shots that might work well to really enhance the shoot portfolio. Having worked with the car, you should know it's main design features. Have a good look around, working handheld, to try and exploit any details such as bodywork shapes and lines, manufacturers badges, wheel structures and grills. Again, it's important to consider the lighting and angles for these shots, don't just presume that your previous set up will work the same for the detail shots.
Photo by nairoozdotcom
It's also important to remember that there are many interesting interior details worth shooting. The manufacturers logo will appear many times within the car's interior, and there will hopefully be a few nice design features that may be worth considering. Make sure there is enough light available for the shoot, especially if you've been shooting on location in the evening light. You may want to wait until you can effectively light the interior, as it would be a shame to miss out on the details especially if you have a chance to enhance them with studio lights.
Photo by DeusXFlorida
This is technique that is utilised in the world of motorsport photography, but has also been exploited in the realm of promotional car photography. The idea is to capture the car in motion, as it flies at speed either around a racetrack, or usually on some stunning mountainous road to make a manufacturer's car look it's best. This effect involves keeping the car in focus, whilst blurring the background.
The simplest form of this technique is used from a handheld standing point and requires you, the photographer, to turn and move in line with the moving object whilst taking your shot. It's important to know the expected movement of your subject before you start shooting and as you move around in line with the subject. This is easier than it sounds, and takes just a little practice to get right!
The alternative panning technique that can be used is to shoot a car from another moving vehicle. If both are moving at a similar speed, it won't actually require any camera movement on your part, but will achieve a similar effect as stationary panning. However, I'm not recommending you start sticking your camera out the window of speeding car just yet, start with the basics and when you're ready you can consider the dual car shoot!
Photo by grantuking
Give it a go!
So there you have it, your step-by-step guide to car photography. Hopefully this will get you started and give you grounding for taking some breathtaking shots of your car. As I mentioned earlier, don't expect to be matching the high production of the car manufacturer's advertisements just yet, but they're great for inspiration and shoot ideas. There are so many beautiful cars, both modern and old, just waiting to be captured in stunning locations, so get out there and give it a go!
Photo by macieklew
Have you taken any gorgeous photos of automobiles? Post them in the comments below. Feel free to share any advice you may have picked up along the way as well.