## Lighting the Scene

Cameras may be able to shoot up to 128,000 ISO, but in the video world, noise is an issue, so good light is key.

Along with using natural light, various continuous lighting sources are available. These range from the high-end (such as Litepanels LED solution) to the cheap end (some work lights from a home improvement store).

There are three common types of lighting instruments, all of which can work in most situations. The big difference is price.

### Tungsten

The most commonly used type of lighting for theatre and film, tungsten lights use a filament made of the metal tungsten. This filament burns very hot and produces a lot of light. Tungsten lights come in many shapes and sizes, with a Fresnel being a good starting point for video.

A Fresnel produces a soft beam of light which covers a large area. With tungsten lights, it's easier to control the beam of light.

Budget Recommendation: Cooper/Regent TQS1000 Twin Work Light 1000-Watt and Stand $32 - Can be bought at any hardware store, these lights are cheap and provide lots of light. Can also be used with fluorescent bulbs to save energy. Recommendation: Arri 650W Fresnel Compact 3-Light Kit$1759 - Includes three lights and a carring case, plus barn doors, stands and filters. With this, you're all set for a shoot!

### Fluorescent

A cheaper overall option, fluorescent lights produce less heat than tungsten lights and produce a cooler, more bluish light.

Many starter film light kits include a fluorescent light. Usually, these use multiple bulbs grouped together in a reflector to create light.

### Lighting Hardware

Whatever the type of lighting, make sure to pick up some lighting hardware. Lighting hardware includes light modifiers like softboxes, barn doors, color gels, gobos, etc. These make positioning the light and working with it much easier.

## Holding the Camera

DSLRs as video cameras produce great cinematic results. To take it to the next level, a rig and railing system allows for complete control of the camera focus, allowing for professional style focus pulling and stabilization.

Some rigs simply help you stabilize the camera by making it into a shoulder mounted camera (like television cameras) while other rigs turn a DSLR into a full film-making rig with a monitor, rails, gears and follow focus.

The goal of a DSLR rig is to allow easier camera movements with easier focusing. By holding the DSLR more like a video camera, it creates better video with less "jello shots" and shaky camera.

A camera rig can be comprised of many elements, but here's a few of the basic ones. Which ones you will need will depend on the scale of your project.

### Rails

Rails make up the base of a DSLR rig. The camera is mounted to a plate and then to them. This allows easy movement of the camera for focusing and helps distribute the weight. Rails also make transporting the camera easier, as the other elements attach to it.

## Conclusion

Having the right gear will allow you to capture the right shots in any conditions. The tips above are a starting point for creating your DSLR video setup and can be expanded in many directions depending on your type of videography.