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Create Cinematic Lighting in After Effects

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Read Time: 12 min

Jump into After Effects and learn how to create beautiful cinematic effects on any footage. Learn about depth, texture, and motivation, and discover how to create new lighting or enhance the existing lighting.

What You'll Learn

  • How to create depth and texture with lighting
  • Motivated vs. non-motivated light
  • Creating texture using After Effects animation presets
  • Relighting a scene in After Effects
  • Creating volumetric lighting in After Effects

About Your Instructor

tom grahamtom grahamtom graham

1. Introduction to Cinematic Lighting

Watch video lesson (2 mins) ↗

In this first part of the course, I'll explain what the course covers and what you can expect to learn. I'll give a quick overview of all the chapters in the course and the key skills you'll pick up.

If you want to follow along, click the link below to download all the source files and other assets used in the course.

Download the Source Files

1.1 What Do the Gaffer and Cinematographer Do on Set?

Watch video lesson (2 mins) ↗

When you're working in post-production, you'll need to know the different roles of the film crew on set, so that when you need to make changes, you understand who to talk to.

The gaffer is the head of the lighting department and works directly with the cinematographer, also known as the director of photography (DOP).

gaffer and dopgaffer and dopgaffer and dop

In this lesson, I go through exactly what these two people do on set, as well as covering a range of other important roles and explaining the hierarchy within each department.

2. What Makes an Image Cinematic?

Watch video lesson (4 mins) ↗

In this course, we'll look at the three fundamentals of cinematic lighting:

  1. Depth
  2. Texture
  3. Motivation

This first lesson is all about depth.

"Depth is about creating the illusion of a three-dimensional space in the 2D image presented to us."

A great way of creating depth in cinematography is by using a shallow depth of field. That's when the foreground and background elements are blurred out, leaving the subject sharply in focus. Use the thumbnails below the image to compare how it looks with and without a shallow depth of field.

Watch the video to learn how to create depth of field in cinematography. Then in the next lesson, we'll see how you can create depth in After Effects.

2.1 How to Create Depth in After Effects

Watch video lesson (14 mins) ↗

In this lesson, we'll look at how to create depth in After Effects. I'll take you through all the settings, step by step, using some sample footage:

before imagebefore imagebefore image

I'll show you how to add depth by bringing the woman into full focus and blurring out the man and some of the background elements. We'll do this by creating some masks, adding a Gaussian Blur to the foreground and background, and cropping the image to remove some of the superfluous items. We'll also add a color grade and do some basic color correction.

This video shows you in detail how to use the Pen Tool to create masks and apply effects to specific areas of the image.

creating a mask with the pen toolcreating a mask with the pen toolcreating a mask with the pen tool

You'll also learn a lot about working with the Color settings in After Effects:

color settingscolor settingscolor settings

The result will be footage that really makes the woman the center of attention. Here it is with all the effects applied:

cinematic effects appliedcinematic effects appliedcinematic effects applied

2.2 How to Create a "Dirty Foreground"

Watch video lesson (9 mins) ↗

Now let's look at another technique for creating depth in After Effects: the "dirty foreground".

A dirty foreground means having soft, out-of-focus elements in the foreground of the shot—another great way of creating depth!

Here's the footage we'll work with this time. It's a nice shot of a woman throwing an apple in the air, but there's a lot of empty space by the window on the left.

footage with clean foregroundfootage with clean foregroundfootage with clean foreground

We can make it look more interesting by downloading some 3D elements from Envato Elements and positioning them in the frame.

Explore 3D Assets on Envato Elements

In this case, we'll add a potted plant and a coffee machine:

3d elements added3d elements added3d elements added

And then we'll position them in a realistic way and apply a Gaussian Blur and other effects to create a dirty foreground.

dirty foregrounddirty foregrounddirty foreground

But wait! When the camera tracks across the scene, won't the plant and coffee machine stay in place? We can fix that by adding Motion Tracking. Simply go to your layer and right-click > Track & Stabilize > Track Motion. I'll show you how to do motion tracking in After Effects in this video, so that everything looks very realistic.

3. What Does Texture Mean When Talking About Light?

Watch video lesson (2 mins) ↗

In this chapter, we'll look at the second of our three elements of cinematic lighting: texture. I'll start by explaining what texture is.

"Texture is maybe not something you associate with light, but there is certainly a way to create texture with light—in fact, it's often about the absence of light, i.e. shadows."

In movies, cinematographers often use dappled light or interesting shadows to create texture on an otherwise blank wall. Here are some examples:

3.1 How to Create Texture Using After Effects Animation Presets

Watch video lesson (10 mins) ↗

So how can you create texture in After Effects if there's none in the existing footage? That's what this lesson is all about. We'll start with some footage that has quite beautiful light coming in through the window, but a fairly blank wall behind.

texture before imagetexture before imagetexture before image

We'll give it a more cinematic look by using a preset to add a dappled effect to the wall. 

It's actually quite simple to do this. Just right-click and choose New > Solid to create a solid black shape over the top of the footage. Then go to the Effects & Presets panel and choose Animation Presets > Backgrounds > Cinders.

animation presetsanimation presetsanimation presets

This will give us a slightly strange-looking effect:

cinders effectcinders effectcinders effect

But don't worry—I'll show you how to modify this step by step so that we end up with a beautiful, textured result:

texture aftertexture aftertexture after

4. Motivated vs. Non-Motivated Light

Watch video lesson (2 mins) ↗

This chapter is all about the third main element of cinematic lighting: motivation.

"A motivated light source is one that has a logical place within the world of the subject or object being captured."

For example, the light could be coming from a window, a lamp, an illuminated screen, or interior room lighting. These light sources don't necessarily need to be shown in the shot, but the viewer should believe that the light is coming from a practical lamp, i.e. a light source that's a real part of the scene. Here are some examples:

Unmotivated light, on the other hand, is lighting that is purely there for illumination, and there's no practical reason for the light to be falling the way it is.

unmotivated lightunmotivated lightunmotivated light

4.1 Relighting a Scene in After Effects

Watch video lesson (22 mins) ↗

Now let's look at how to relight a scene in After Effects.

relight a scenerelight a scenerelight a scene

How to Relight a Scene

1

Analyze the Existing Footage

Understand the motivated and unmotivated light sources, and decide how to improve them.

2

Add New Lights

You can add new lights by right-clicking and going to New > Light.

3

Work With the Light Settings

You can choose between Parallel, Spot, Point, and Ambient lights, and you can tweak a lot more settings too. We'll look at all of that in this video.

4

Create Masks

Use the Pen Tool to create masks to apply lighting effects to particular areas of the scene.

That's just a quick overview—there are loads of sophisticated tools you can use in After Effects to control the exact type and direction of the lighting.

lighting tools in after effectslighting tools in after effectslighting tools in after effects

We'll go through them all in this video, so follow along to learn everything you need to know!

You can learn even more in my course on adding a light source in After Effects.
FREE
9 Minutes

How to Add a Light Source in After Effects | After Effects Tutorial

  • Manipulating 2D assets in 3D space
  • Animating lights in After Effects
  • Animating 3D camera movements
  • Adding ambient lighting to your animation

4.2 How to Create Shadows With Solids and Masks

Watch video lesson (5 mins) ↗

Now let's see how to create shadows to make a scene more dramatic and give it a cinematic look. In this example, we're taking some footage with a plain white background and adding shadows to give more of a sense of directional light and add some visual interest.

beforebeforebefore
Before: white walls
afterafterafter
After: with subtle shadows

We'll do this by adding Solids and using some Masks in After Effects, along with some Feathering, Opacity, and Motion Tracking.

adding masks in after effectsadding masks in after effectsadding masks in after effects

5. Clean Plates! How to Light Your Scenes on a Budget

Watch video lesson (2 mins) ↗

In this section of the course, we'll talk about clean plates.

A clean plate is a shot with the subject and any lighting elements removed, so that only the background remains.
subjectsubjectsubject
clean plateclean plateclean plate

You can also capture multiple clean plates at different exposure settings so that you can combine them later in After Effects.

clean plate 2clean plate 2clean plate 2
"It's worth taking the extra time and effort to capture a clean plate of your shot in order to use this to your advantage in post-production."

5.1 Compositing Multiple Shots Using Clean Plates

Watch video lesson (15 mins) ↗

In this lesson, we'll see how to use those different plates we shot in the previous lesson and bring them all together into one coherent piece.

We'll do this by bringing the three pieces of footage in as Layers and then creating Masks to remove unwanted elements like the light stand, using the Subtract option to make them disappear and show the layer underneath.

masking out light standmasking out light standmasking out light stand

Then we'll use the Roto Brush Tool to select the actor in the shot (that's me, in case you were wondering!).

roto brushroto brushroto brush

Then we can use a Mask around the window to adjust the exposure there and create our final result, with the light stands removed and the window properly exposed:

final resultfinal resultfinal result

6. What Is Volumetric Lighting?

Watch video lesson (2 mins) ↗

Now that we've mastered key lighting concepts like depth, texture, and motivation, let's look at one last powerful technique. It's called volumetric lighting.

"Volumetric lighting is the rays of light that we might see coming through a window, often referred to in cinematography as 'god rays' or 'light beams'."
We'll look at creating volumetric lighting in After Effects in this course, but you can also use other software like DaVinci Resolve to create similar effects. Check out my DaVinci Resolve beginners' course below:
FREE
1.5 Hours

DaVinci Resolve Beginner Tutorial | Free Video Editing

  • Understand the workspace
  • Craft a narrative through editing
  • Create animated lower thirds
  • Understand color grading and more

6.1 Creating Volumetric Lighting in After Effects

Watch video lesson (13 mins) ↗

OK, for the final part of this cinematic lighting tutorial, let's look at creating volumetric lighting in After Effects.

volumetric lightingvolumetric lightingvolumetric lighting

How to Create Volumetric Lighting

1

Use a Light Ray Preset

Go to the Effects & Presets panel and choose CC Light Rays.

2

Adjust the Brightness and Contrast

Bring the brightness down and the contrast up to accentuate the light rays.

3

Add a Lens Flare

Go to the Effects & Presets panel and choose Lens Flare.

4

Add a Solid

Just right-click and choose New > Solid to create a solid shape that you can use as a light beam.

5

Adjust the Settings

You'll need to make a lot of adjustments to the settings to make the scene look realistic. I'll walk you through that in the video.

7. The End: Thanks So Much for Watching!

Watch video lesson (1 min) ↗

We've made it to the end of the course. In this final short video, I'll wrap things up and talk about what you can learn next.

A great way to take your After Effects editing skills to the next level is to use After Effects templates. Check out the huge selection of high-quality templates available on Envato Elements.

Learn More About Adobe After Effects

We have plenty more videos to help you learn more about After Effects. So if you enjoyed this one, be sure to check out these next:

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