What exactly is a night photograph? I define a night photograph as any image taken between dusk and dawn, when the sun is completely below the horizon line. That definition encompasses a huge variety of subjects! In this tutorial we'll explore some of the most popular night photography themes, including: cityscapes, astrophotography, fireworks and lightning. We'll start, however, with how night photographers look the world from a slightly different point of view.
1. Learning to See in Colour, at Night
One of the most interesting aspects of night photography is the unpredictable nature of the images you can make. Unlike many other forms of photography, night photos often don't reveal their secrets until after the exposure is complete.
This unpredictability is, in part, the result of slow shutter speeds: low light conditions at night require exposures of several seconds or longer. Slow shutter speeds allow you to compress a long duration of time into a single frame. By choosing a long duration exposure you can exaggerate the effects of speed and time. With a long exposure, any moving subject creates motion blur as it moves through the frame. This can lead to some spectacular and surprising results!
I love the mixture of artificial and natural light in low-light scenes, especially at twilight, and the intensity of colour you can get in night photos. Colours at night are so rich and vibrant they seem to leap out at you from the black of the sky.
2. The City Comes Alive With Colour
The most accessible subject for most budding night photographers is the cityscape. While other photographers are sleeping, the city provides a multitude of photo opportunities for you to explore. When I look for potential cityscapes to photograph, I look for a few key aspects: time of day, water, and elevation.
The Magic Hour
The best time of day to photograph cityscapes is twilight. At this time of day you often get a rich blue colour present in the sky. You may also get some beautiful warm tones as the sun sets and illuminates the clouds. I also prefer to shoot at dusk as opposed to dawn as there is more activity happening at this time of day.
Water reflects and refracts light in interesting ways. The combination of cityscape, water and mixed lighting afford you some great photographic opportunities. If there is water about it is definitely worth considering including it in your compositions.
Cityscapes also look good after rain has fallen. Wet streets, roads and footpaths are highly reflective surfaces that can pick up light and transform an otherwise drab scene.
Climb Up High
Cityscapes can benefit from being photographed from an elevated position, and I often try to find a location where I can photograph the city from up high. If you photograph a city from ground level you will often have unwanted objects obscuring the view. By elevating your position you can separate these individual elements and give them their own space in which to move, such as boats travelling around a harbour, or traffic leaving motion blurred light trails.
Another of my favourite night photography subjects is fireworks. Opportunities to photograph pyrotechnic events usually occur at least a few times a year, especially around holiday celebrations such as new years eve and national days. Large firework displays are high profile events which attract a lot of publicity so it should be easy enough to plan for an upcoming event.
Fireworks displays are usually very crowded so it pays to set up ahead of time to secure a good location. If you arrive before dark you can survey the scene and work out where the fireworks will be concentrated. If the fireworks display is located in a harbour you will need to look out for the launch barges and position yourself accordingly so you can setup your camera to take full advantage of the opportunities that will arise.
5. Star Gazing
Astrophotography is one area of night photography that requires specialised camera equipment to make more complex shots. You can, however, start off by doing basic star trail photos or wide-field astrophotography with an entry level camera, tripod and a fast lens.
To increase your chances of success photographing the night sky you must leave the confines of the city behind. Light pollution from the city makes it impossible to get a good image from the night sky in a large radius. You should get as far away from major population centers as possible; at least 150 kilometres from the closest town is recommended. Remote deserts and areas of high altitude are the best places to take advantage of a lack of atmospheric and light pollution.
Star trail images generally require long exposure times and this is one instance where film cameras can offer an advantage. A mechanical film camera doesn't require battery power to activate the shutter and you can leave it open for hours at a time. Digital cameras, on the other hand, need power to operate the shutter for extended duration. If you are in remote areas and don't have access to AC power or solar panels to recharge your batteries film cameras are the way to go.
You can use artificial light sources, starlight, moonlight and the residual light left by the sun during twilight to take landscape photos at night. Some of these light sources, however, are very faint and may require very long shutter speeds and a fast lens to get good results. By combining different sources of light with natural landscapes you can produce beautiful images with a surreal quality.
You can also take your own light source with you and paint the scene you are photographing with light. Using a torch or even the light from your phone as a source of illumination can create striking images that are completely unique.
See the World Differently
Night photography is a fascinating area of photography, and a pursuit that encourages experimentation and thinking outside the square. Don't be afraid to try new ideas, you just never know what you might come up with!
More Night Photography Tutorials to Try
- Night PhotographyWorking With Light At NightAnthony James
- Night PhotographyHow to Set Up Your Digital SLR for Night PhotographyAnthony James
- Night PhotographyHow to Set and Control Your Camera Manually for Night PhotographyAnthony James
- Night PhotographyManual Versus Autofocus Lenses for Night PhotographyAnthony James
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