# On-Camera Audio Recording: Essential Shotgun Microphone Gear

Unlike a lavaliere, a shotgun requires a little more kit to make it work properly. In this tutorial, you'll learn about stands, windscreens, shock mounts, and more.

## Mic Clips and Mounting Systems: How to Attach a Shotgun Mic to a Stand

Let's go through the equipment you'll need to mount your shotgun microphone to a stand.

### Shock Mount

More than likely, your microphone came with a mic clip. If that microphone is going to be on a boom pole that someone is moving, you probably are going to want to use a shock mount. It's a little microphone holder, with some rubber bands that isolate the microphone from the rumbles that can be generated from the boom pole.

## Wind Protection

The last major accessory category to talk about when it comes to shotgun microphones is wind protection. I have a windscreen that came with my microphone, and it slips right on the end. It's not fantastic, but it's better than nothing.

Shotgun microphones are pretty sensitive to wind noise—so sensitive that when I use this microphone for a voiceover, I put the windscreen on it, even inside. It doesn't affect the sound too drastically.

Primarily, of course, windscreens are used to protect the microphone from the wind. Outside, you want more substantial wind protection than the basic windscreen provides. You can get one from a company called Movo that has a less dense foam on the inside and a rubber gasket and a big furry covering on the outside that does a much better job of reducing wind.

The ultimate in wind protection for shotgun microphones is a blimp with what is usually referred to as a "dead cat" on the outside. The main idea with a blimp is to give the microphone a lot of protection and shock mounting against wind.

I use a homemade blimp, which actually has two layers of wind protection. The outer section of fur does the job of reducing most of the energy from the wind. Then, on the inside, I have another layer of wind protection, and then there's a cage, the same that you'll find in a commercial unit, and inside the cage there is a shock mount.

I built my own because a commercial blimp, something made by Rode or one of the other big names, would run between $300 and$350, and I built two of these for about \$40. If you want the best wind protection out there, it's going to be in the form of a blimp.

## Wrapping It Up

So now that you know about all the different things you may need to get your shotgun mic working for you, look out for the next tutorial in this series, in which you're going to learn about lavaliere microphones.