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3.1 Repair Joins and Rips

In this lesson you'll learn how to use the Clone, Spot Heal and Content Aware Tools to repair rips or joins in your image.

3.1 Repair Joins and Rips

Hi, I'm Marie Gardener, welcome back to archival photo restoration for tuts+. In this lesson, we're gonna look at repairing joins and rips in Photoshop. Old prints get damaged, it's an unfortunate fact of life. They've most likely moved house several times, been stored in dusty attics and been passed around dozens of hands. This can mean they're ripped, sometimes into pieces. But don't despair. It doesn't mean that they're for the bin. Okay, so we've got our document, and you can see that it's kind of pieced together. But it's one layer. So we're gonna need this to be more than one layer, obviously, so it's easier to work on. And we're gonna do that with the magic wand tool. So select the white, and you can see the marching ant lines. It's come over a little bit on the edge, but that's okay, cuz it's just on the ripped edge. It's not actually on the pattern, so that's fine. And then we're gonna go to Refine Edge. And you can see that in kind of a mask there with the overlay. And then we wanna feather the edge a little bit. You can kind of see it's over that ripped bit there but that's fine. You don't really need to have it smooth. You can if you want. It doesn't really make any difference at this stage. And shift the edge ever so slightly, just in case you sorta missed a little bit. And then we're gonna output that to the selection. So not much has changed, you can still see that it's kind of selected the bits that we're gonna select but obviously it's on the white at the minute, so we're gonna go to select and inverse, which is gonna flip up round so now we've got the pieces selected, so if you hit control and j or command and j if you're on a MAC, that's gonna create a new layer. And now if we had the background, you can see we've got a transparent background which is much, much more helpful. So now if you select the last two. And we'll start with this first piece here. Now this is why you shouldn't scan them too close together. Which I obviously have a tiny bit here and there we go, steady hand. All the way around the first piece. And then we're just gonna Control X or Command X, cut that out. Control, Shift, N for new layer or Command, Shift N. And paste that in. So you can see that's a separate layer now. Now I'm gonna call this something sensible like Top Left, because it's the top left piece. And then we'll just hide that again and then we're going to do exactly the same thing with the middle layer again. Slightly steady hand required. It's like the game operation you gotta go around without touching it. And then again I'm gonna cut that out. Paste it on a new layer, and then we're gonna call that layer Middle. And then obviously we're left with the final layer, which is fine. So we're gonna call that. [LAUGH] I just realized I called that Top Left instead of Top Right. Well, that was a good start, wasn't it? So there you go. You can see now that we've got all three pieces separately, which is gonna make things much, much easier to work from. So if we zoom in. Let me just make this a little bit bigger, okay. So we're gonna start to try and line these up. So obviously, they might not be quite the same orientation, but we'll talk a lot in a second, they can be slightly off. But you're gonna look for major things to line up. So in the case with this piece, you can see you've got kind of the definite lines of the tree here. So that's what you wanna try and match up. Now don't worry if there's a bit of a gap, that's fine, obviously we're gonna tackle that later. But you can see that looks like it's right here. There's a little piece missing from the top, which there always was, that's fine. And if you look at the bottom here it's ever so slightly out of line, so we're just gonna turn that around just a little bit so that these border edges match up here. And then. Okay, that looks about right to me. So then we're just gonna go ahead and tick to apply the changes. And then we'll do the same with the bottom left. So you may need to you can see shift these around a little bit so that that sits over the top of the middle piece. And this one's quite off, so again we're just gonna line up the outer edge but then we've got a very definite line here, across the bridge, which makes things a lot easier. If you can see any kind of definite geometric lines, that's gonna make your job a lot easier. If we just move that across. Okay that's not, too bad. It's not perfect, but it's not too bad. And then again it's just not quite right, but we can fix that, okay. So you can see those lines match up, these lines match up, we're just gonna go ahead and tick okay on that. Okay, so. There's the picture there. You can still see the rips, obviously, but that's much better than it was, so we're gonna work in a non-destructive way to repair these. So, you're gonna wanna go ahead and create a new layer, and we're gonna call this, Repair Rips, because that's what we're doing. And we're gonna start with the Clone Stamp Tool, cuz that tends to be the easiest way to fix things like this especially if the background is kind of patterned, but not to the point where it would be obvious if you made a mistake. So at the top you wanna sample all layers because obviously if you don't its only going to take from one side. If we just zoom in here. We're gonna leave that rip there for later on but we can just start from here where you've got the pattern of the trees, that makes it ever so slightly easier. Now you Alt click where you want it to take the source information from and then if I hover over here, you can see that Photoshop in the later editions, this is CS6, has got, like a little preview basically of what you're gonna drag over. So we're using a quite hard brush. I'm gonna make it slightly softer, just so that's not too obvious. Cuz again this is quite patterned and it's not so obvious to be able to tell If you do something wrong. That might be different when you get to the tree. But, yeah. Just keep going over each little bit of the rip. And you wanna keep resourcing information from where you are. So you can see we're on the tree now. So I'm gonna take the source from the tree above. Make the bush a little bit smaller if you're doing slightly more delicate work. And we're just gonna go all the way down. And repair the rip. Okay so when you get to somewhere that's a little more detailed, I guess. You can see there are some definite sorta tree lines. So it's not gonna be so easy to mask as the other little pieces were. So instead of the clone stamp tool, we're gonna use the healing brush tool, which is very similar to the clone stamping one, but it's gonna make decisions itself. So if we take a selection from here. And again it's alt click to tell it where you wanna sample from. And then pin on in the same way that we would with the clone stamp. Then I'm gonna let go and you can see it's kind of made a little adjustment itself. So it sort of blends for you instead of sticking to exactly what you've drawn over, which is what the clone stamp does. So we're gonna just do that again here. And then again here. And this is just really gonna help keep some detail like branches and things in. So that it doesn't look too obvious what you've done. Now we're done. So that's not too bad. That's the first rip repaired. And if I just take that off you can see what we've done there. It might need a little bit of tidying up in the next lesson. But that's fine. And then I'm gonna go ahead and repair our final rip down here in exactly the same way. So I'm gonna use the clone stamp tool on areas that aren't too detailed, like the background just here, and then I'm gonna switch to the healing brush tool for things that are really more detailed like when we get to the plants and the bridge. So there we go. The rips apart from this little bit up here, which was kind of missing from the start. All fixed with just the clone stamp tool and the spot healing tool as well. I mean, if you're very very talented, which I'm not, and there are little bits missing from the image, you can just paint them in. But that's probably something to do at a later stage. At this stage, we are just repairing the rips. And if I just take that off, you can see, I mean, there were very major by the time we patched them up, that's kind of what you want, you don't want anything too big to have to heal so it's good that they weren't major. And then if you just, there you go, you can really see the difference there. And as always, don't forget to save your work. I've got this just saved as a PSD. We're gonna obviously work non-destructively on the same image all the time, but don't forget to keep saving your work, and I will remind you. Our image is now repaired and back in one piece. In the next lesson, we'll look at how to clean up the image, removing any dirty or unwanted marks. Thanks for watching.

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