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4.2 Lav Mic Setup

In this lesson you will learn the best way to position your microphone for video recording, as well as setting the gain to make sure you sound great in your live stream or online video chat.

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4.2 Lav Mic Setup

In this lesson, you're gonna learn how to setup a lavalier microphone. So then it looks and sound great. So, setting up a lavalier microphone is fairly simple. Most of the time, you want to regit through your clothing so you don't have a wire dang; dangling all over. Usually you want the position of the microphone to be in the center and about maybe three inches below your chin, if you put your chin on your chest. So somewhere in that neighborhood is where I like to to have it. Now you may have to move it up or down, depending on your particular style of talking. Sometimes you can get kind of a weird breath that comes out of your mouth that hits the microphone that makes it kind of do [SOUND], that sort of thing. So moving the microphone up an inch or down an inch can help with that. So this is rigged pretty simply here on my shirt. I just use a small piece of tape to tape the wire down to my undershirt, and this is just to prevent the wire if it gets pulled from tearing the microphone off of my shirt. I can tape it to the inside of this shirt if I want but if I'm wearing an undershirt I usually like to tape it under here, and then I just take a small loop of this wire coming out of my shirt, and it just gives me enough slack to clip it to the front of my shirt here. Now if you don't wear a button down shirt, you're going to have to come up with another way of rigging that lavalier microphone. You can clip it right here to the top of a T-shirt, or a V-neck shirt. Usually you're gonna wanna tape it to the inside of your shirt so that the microphone isn't pulling this down and looking untidy. The other thing you wanna be aware of is that If you tape the microphone pretty high up on your neck here, you can accidentally rub the microphone with your chin or your neck. So you want to make sure that the microphone is in a place that's not going to come into contact with your clothes, or your neck because that's gonna make some really nasty sounds. If none of those options work, you can get creative and maybe bring the wire under your collar here and just have it poking out, and either tape it in place or maybe just clip it on the edge here and run the wire around your back. Put a little piece of tape on the back of your shirt to hold the microphone wire in place. If you don't have anywhere to clip it to, it's possible that you can get the Lavalier microphone to be rigged under your clothes, although that is a little bit tricky, and you do run more of a risk of getting clothes rustling in the microphone. There are ways that you can kind of tape the microphone in between two pieces of tape and then stick that to your shirt, and stick that to your body so that the microphone doesn't move, and you can also look at products that are designed to basically pad the microphone from that clothes rustling sound. There's a company called Rycote that makes a product called Undercovers. Which are kind of specialized pads that are made just for that, but in general, it is probably best to try and rig the microphone outside of your clothes to completely avoid the clothes rustling. Almost, all of the XLR Lavallier microphones that I have seen Have an end of them that's very very thick and that's where it has all of the electronics. Now sometimes you can take that end and you can get it in one of these excel R inputs, but sometimes they're just a little bit too thick, and in that. In that case, you're going to need a short little XLR cable. It really doesn't have to be too much longer than a foot. This is like two and a half feet, but you certainly don't need much longer than this. Just so you can plug this in to your audio interface, and then plug that big, beefy end connector with all the electronics into the other side of this, so you can actually get it to work. Setting levels on your lab is probably going to take a little bit of experimentation. If you are a seasoned presenter then you have a pretty steady tone and you do not have a lot of fluctuations in your volume, but if you're just starting out, you're going to want to maybe Go a little bit conservative on the gain so that you don't clip the microphone input which will probably sound distorted and crackly and that's not gonna be very good. When I'm setting the microphone gain on my own microphone, I usually set it to where the peaks are coming up to right about negative six, maybe a little bit hire, because I know that I speak fairly consistently, and that's safe for me, but if you try not, you may run into situation where you have a very high signal in eclipse. So you may have to set it a little bit lower, maybe negative of ten, maybe a little lower than that. You don't want to set it too low, because your mic is not going to be processed too much after it goes into your audio interface, and that's going to be too quiet for doing web streams. So you are going to want to have a nice juicy signal but you want to avoid clipping the microphone. Now if you do a lot of video steaming and you want to really upgrade the sound of your microphone, you could look at getting something like a channel strip, which has a microphone pre-amp, but they will also have things like an EQ, a compressor, an expander, a DSer and maybe even a limiter to basically really juice up and make your vocals sound fantastic. It's probably not something that you need need to look at right now, but it's something that you may wanna explore in the future and something that I'll cover in a future course. So those are the basics for setting up a microphone. In the next lesson, you're gonna learn how to set up that dynamic microphone with a really nice desktop boom stand and make it sound great.

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